HIV in physiological condition is that the presence of HIV in an exceedingly lady whereas she is pregnant. HIV in maternity is of concern as a result of ladies with HIV/AIDS could transmit the infection to their kid throughout gestation, accouchement and whereas breastfeeding. However, the risk of mother to child transmission of HIV may be reduced by treatment of the HIV infection antiretroviral therapy. This lifelong therapy may be initiated in women before, during, and after pregnancy. After delivery, children are also given the medication temporarily as a prophylactic measure to reduce the risk of infection. Because HIV can also be unfold through breast milk, mothers within the US, United Nations agency are infected are inspired to avoid breastfeeding.
In most cases, HIV won’t cross through the placenta from mother to baby. If the mother is healthy in different aspects, the placenta helps give protection for the developing baby. Factors that could reduce the protective ability of the placenta include in-uterine infections, a recent HIV infection, advanced HIV infection or malnutrition. Unless a complication ought to arise, there ought no to increase the amount of antepartum visits. Special guidance a few healthy diet paying attention given to preventing iron or nutriment deficiencies and weight loss also as special interventions for sexually transmitted diseases.
The take a look at is sometimes performed within the trimester of gestation with different routine laboratory tests. HIV/AIDS Treatment during Pregnancy is recommended because HIV-infected women who do not receive testing are more likely to transmit the infection to their children. HIV testing is also offered to pregnant ladies on Associate in nursing opt-in or associate degree opt-out basis. If a lady doesn’t need to be tested for HIV, she must specifically refuse the test and sign a form declining testing. The agency recommends opt-out testing for all pregnant ladies as a result of it improves illness detection and treatment and helps cut back transmission to kids.
The goal of antiretroviral use during pregnancy is to reduce the risk of transmission of HIV from mother to child. It is important to choose medications that are safe for the mother and the fetus and which are effective at decreasing the total viral load. Some studies have shown an increase in stillbirths, preterm delivery, and delayed fetal growth in women using high doses of antiretroviral drugs during pregnancy. However, the overall benefits of ART are believed to outweigh the risks and all women are encouraged to use ART for the duration of their pregnancy. Due to physiological changes in the body during pregnancy, it may be necessary to alter the dosing of medications so that they remain effective. Generally, the dose or the frequency of dosing are increased to account for these changes.
HIV/AIDS prevention, Treatment of AIDS in Pregnancy and care in the health sector is a preliminary response to the request by G8 Member States to develop and implement interventions, with a view to achieving universal access for all those in need. This document also responds to a long-standing country need expressed by national authorities.