The hernia disease is characterised by pushing out of body organs or their parts through the muscles, because of the weakening of muscles or the connective tissues (fascia). The bulge that appears due to the outwards protruding of the organ is quite evident. The hernia treatment in this condition can only be treated by an expert hernia doctor.
Common Types of Hernia
The condition of a hernia may affect many different parts of the body. Some common types of hernia include:
The upper portion of the stomach protrudes outwards, through the opening found in the diaphragm known by the name hiatus. This is the opening through which the esophagus passes.
This medical condition occurs frequently in newborns, obese women and in the women who have borne many children. A portion of the smallest intestine bulges outwards near the belly button or the naval region.
This hernia occurs in the upper thigh or groin region. A hernia is more common in obese and pregnant women.
This hernia occurs in people who have undergone surgery. The intestine bulges outwards in the abdominal region at the point or site where the incision was made previously. Obese or elderly people who do not lead an active lifestyle after a surgery often suffers from this hernia condition.
A major portion of hernia conditions affecting the groin (96%) is an inguinal hernia. The condition characterizes pushing out of the bladder or the intestine into the groin’s inguinal canal.
This hernia occurs in the upper abdominal region.
Causes of a Hernia
A hernia occurs when the muscles or tissues are weak, and a pressure occurs on the organs and hence they consequently protrude outwards. While in some cases the weakening of the muscles may occur later in life, in other cases it is a defect present at the time of birth itself. The abdomen may face greater pressure in conditions including:
- The lifting of heavy objects or weights
- Persistent sneezing and/or coughing
Symptoms of Hernia
While some people may not show any symptoms of a hernia, others may show different symptoms or symptoms exhibited to a varying degree. Some common symptoms of a hernia include:
- Heavy feeling in the abdomen area
- Discomfort in the groin or abdomen area especially when a person bends or leans over
- The symptoms of a hiatal hernia also include heartburn and pain in the abdominal region
- A swelling or bulge in the abdominal region
Incarcerated Hernia Type
This hernia condition occurs because of some other hernia. A part of the intestine may get trapped and consequently, blood supply may be cut off. The condition is life-threatening and can be fatal. Hence it is important to see the hernia specialist doctor immediately.
The condition is often treated through surgery and blood supply is restored. Incarcerated hernia shows symptoms including:
- Vomiting and/or nausea
- Pain which gets to be more intense
Treatment of hernia
Hernias are treated through surgery. When it is too small the doctor may wait before undertaking any medical treatment. The two forms of surgery that are used for treating hernia include:
Hernia Treatment Option 1: Laparoscopy
This surgical procedure has minimal invasiveness. The surgeon treats a hernia through many different and small-sized incisions and does not make a single large incision.
Open Hernia Option 2: Repair
The surgical procedure involves making an incision above the site where a hernia is located. The part of the organ is pushed back into its place. The weekend spot of the muscle or tissue may be strengthened by the use of synthetic mesh.
The best hospital of a hernia will provide you with many options for Hernia treatment and will also provide to you least invasive laparoscopic treatment.