Abstract art is the expression of imagination in its raw and primal form. It knows no foundations of reality and form. It is independent of the academic styles of imitating the realistic. Its creative adventurism and fierceness are what makes it unique from any other form of art. It was a reaction against the obsession of renaissance art to imitate the concrete idols of the real world.
Something is abstract when it can’t be felt or perceived through the worldly senses. An artist’s imagination should not be cribbed, cabined or confined. There are many famous abstract art paintings that many people find hard to comprehend. There are realms in this reality that are untouched where the difference of form, reality, and matter diminish. At basic levels of existence, like at the sub-atomic level, the almighty draws many abstract paintings.
Many great artists were way ahead of their time. Some of them are responsible for shaping the style of abstraction as we see it today. They were bold enough to deviate from the styles that were being followed by their peers. They were criticized and denounced but they took their stand and let their art express itself through them. Let us take a look at some of the famous abstract art created by these marvels.
1. Man with Violin by Pablo Picasso
He took birth in the year 1881 in the city of Malaga in Spain. He was a sculptor and a ceramist too but he is popularly known for his abstract paintings. He made whatever his mind and heart-directed him to. Although his art was severely misunderstood, he never cowered away from the backlashes he received. He religiously followed abstraction throughout his career. Symbolism influenced him more than anything and he developed his style of painting in Paris during his famous Blue Period of art i.e. from 1900 to 1902. This period derived its name from the green and blue tone of the paintings that Picasso made during this period.
Later, his paintings were dominated by the pinkish hues like that of a rose thus, earning that period a name i.e. the Rose period which started from the year 1905 to 1907. African artifacts also made their imprints on his works. From the year 1925, a new era descended upon him and the art world. He devised the famous cubist form of painting that got him international acclaim.
Cubism refers to an art movement where three-dimensional forms are depicted on a two-dimensional canvas by using the combination of patterns and different shades of colors in such a way that they resemble a human body or anything existing in the materialistic reality.
Man with the Violin was painted around the year 1912 and its nothing in this painting resembles a man or a violin. So, abstraction never promises to give away the actual forms that are its subject matter. It is the artists’ expression of how felt or perceived it. It is an apt example of analytical cubism. This style represents a viewpoint that is both objective and subjective. After much deliberation and help, one may make out the forms and figures in the work but they are represented in the form of cubes.
His perception of space and the way he used it was refreshing. The painting tries to depict a human figure holding a violin but that is broken into different pieces arrayed in a cubical form. Cold colors i.e. green and brown are used to carve the effect perfectly. Though, most of his paintings were made with the same technique and colors that are incorporated in the Man with Violin.
2. Salvador Dali’s The Persistence of Memory
Salvador Dali is one of the most iconic and sought after Surrealist painter. He belonged to Spain too and his films and writings were equally thought-provoking as his paintings are. Surrealism was an art movement that focused on tapping the potential and exploring the Sub-conscious mind. He used the hyper-realism as his technique that he mastered in his early days of life.
He is known for experimenting and even distorting the concrete forms in his paintings. But, after some time he switched to draw absurd and eclectic elements of the reality. Persistence of memory would be an apt example to explain the main focus behind surrealism.
The landscape that is depicted in this is devoid of any life. It is bare and it seems that it is depicting a time after the war. It’s calm and still but evokes a feeling of horror as it depicts the destruction of humankind from the earth. The clocks are to be seen melting. This portrays the realm of the subconscious that is unexplored and everything is possible there. It shows that Salvador Dali was disturbed when he made this painting. It is believed that generally, the subject matter of his paintings were his dreams or bad dreams, we could say.